Norton by Symantec released the findings of its online harassment research and its impact on Australian men. The Norton research reveals that more than three-quarters (78 per cent) of Australian men under 30, and more than half of all Australian men (54 per cent), have experienced some form of online harassment.
Online Harassment: The Australian Man’s Experience
Common forms of online harassment range from abuse and insults (34 per cent) to trolling and malicious gossip (29 per cent), as well as rumour-mongering (27 per cent).
Mark Gorrie, Director, Norton Business Unit, Pacific region, Symantec said the research uncovers the prevalence of harassment against men in the online world and reveals that online harassment is an everyday trial for specific members of our community.
“The Norton survey reveals there are some risk factors that make some men more vulnerable to online harassment than their other male counterparts. Men from minority religious beliefs are attacked because of their faith in 31 percent of cases; gay, bisexual and transgender men are targeted because of their sexual orientation in 23 percent of cases, compared with seven percent of heterosexual men; and men with disabilities are attacked because of their physical or intellectual disabilities in 14 percent of cases,” continued Gorrie.
For 20 per cent of the Australian men surveyed, their online harassment experience resulted in them changing the privacy settings on their social media accounts.
One in seven men surveyed (13 per cent) changed the nature of relationships with some friends:
- 14 per cent lost friends
- 11 per cent closed their social media account and
- under five per cent moved house (with four per cent) or
- changed jobs (three per cent).
“Norton hopes this research will encourage Australian men to speak up about their online experiences, report serious harassment and threats when they occur and take reasonable security and privacy precautions while online,” Gorrie added.
The impact of online harassment
Australian men may be targeted online for a range of reasons. In nearly half of the cases (45 percent) no specific aspect of a person’s lifestyle or circumstances is singled out. When aspects are targeted, top issues include: attacking men based on:
- their social background (12 per cent)
- physical appearance (11 per cent)
- weight (10 per cent)
- politics (10 per cent)
- race and ethnic background (nine per cent)
- sexual orientation (nine per cent), and
- religion (eight per cent).
In cases of harassment, feelings of irritation (31 per cent), anger (28 per cent) and disappointment (25 per cent) are the most common response. Depression and anxiety are also common at 14 and 16 percent respectively. Seeking help is rare for Australian men with less than one in 10 Australian men (seven per cent) choosing to get help for depression or anxiety, and almost one in 10 cases (10 per cent) prompting police involvement.
Online crossed into real life in two interesting areas. About three per cent of men resorted to physical violence and five per cent threatened physical violence in response to online harassment. A third of men (33 per cent) who had experienced threats of violence and death also revealed these incidents had extended into the offline world. One in five men (22 per cent) who had experienced threats of violence and death reported depression and 17 per cent of these cases prompted police involvement.
Online harassment experiences of Australian men and women
Earlier this year, Norton released its Online Harassment: The Australian Woman’s Experience survey results and when comparing the results, it was uncovered that the overall online experiences of men are not dissimilar to women. However, there are striking differences with online harassment:
Gender-based online harassment is more common in females than males. Twice as many Australian women (12 per cent) are more likely to be attacked online because of their gender, compared with six per cent of Australian males. Conversely, three times as many Australian men (six per cent) are more likely to be attacked online because of their affiliation with a sports team, compared with only two per cent of Australian women.
Twice as many women, at 14 per cent compared to men at seven per cent, revealed that sextortion, graphic sexual harassment, threats of sexual violence and cyberstalking are their worst online experiences. In addition, 57 per cent of women under 30 are more likely to experience cyberbullying compared to 37 per cent of males under 30.
Despite men acknowledging a broad range of behaviours that qualify as harassment – abuse, threats of physical and sexual violence as well as death – men (53 per cent) are less likely than women (70 per cent) to identify online harassment as a serious problem.
Tackling Online Harassment
In general, Australian men feel that authorities need to take online harassment more seriously and that more laws are needed to deal with all forms of online harassment.
Privacy settings on social media accounts are widely used (68 per cent), but about a third (32 per cent) of men are still unaware, don’t know how, or haven’t found the time to use them. The survey found private settings are favoured over the public by 56 per cent to 12 per cent respectively.
One in five (21 per cent) Australian men used their privacy settings to prevent people from bullying them while 33 per cent used them to prevent people from stalking them. Nearly 40 per cent of Australian men had been approached by someone online with a false identity yet still, one in four Australian men accepted friend requests from strangers.
Some ways to prevent and address online harassment include:
About the Norton Survey
Norton by Symantec commissioned an online quantitative survey through Morar Consulting in February 2016, with 1,026 males and 1,053 females in Australia aged 18 and over. The survey aimed to understand and discover the views and experiences of online harassment among Australian men and women.
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