How does Australia compare to the rest of the world when it comes to women working in tech? Well, quite well as it turns out. At 30%, Bulgaria has the highest percentage of women working in tech, followed by Australia at 28% and Romania at 26%.
With gender disparity, a topic at the forefront of modern discourse, leading technology career platform Honeypot, has released the 2018 Women in Tech Index. The results offer a view on gender-based employment inequalities both at large and in the technology sector. In an effort to position themselves as industry experts, the developer-focused career platform decided to research the role that gender parity plays in the technology landscape by comparing the proportion of female employees, the gender wage gap and opportunities for women in the IT field, among other criteria. In sharing the results of this study, Honeypot aims to highlight which countries offer the best opportunities for women in tech and to encourage the industry at large to take further positive steps towards gender parity.
The study focuses on 41 countries in the OECD and EU and offers comparable data relating to both the tech industry and the wage gap. The data covers areas such as:
- Gender in the Overall Economy: factors such as the percentage of women in work and the overall gender income parity.
- Women in Tech: as measured by the number of women in IT positions compared to the overall number of people in tech.
- for Women in Tech: calculated by comparing the difference between the percentage share of women in the general workforce, and the percentage of women in the technology sector. In addition, the study took into account the percentage of female STEM graduates.
- Tech Wage Gap: difference in the gender wage gap between women working in the tech industry and the overall workforce at large.
- Female Career Progression: as judged by the percentage of women in managerial and ministerial positions.
Finally, to bring attention to any potential barriers that might hinder a woman’s progression in the tech industry and to highlight the best opportunities for women, the Gender Inequality Index was analysed. This reviews women’s reproductive health, empowerment and labour market participation to conclude overall parity. To determine if equality has increased or decreased in recent history, we then calculated the difference between the current available wage gap data, as compared to five years previous.
“Gender parity in the workplace is not just an ethical or moral issue, but also an economic one: McKinsey found that $12 trillion could be added to global GDP by 2025 by advancing women’s equality. As tech recruitment specialists, we are often confronted with the gender imbalances of the industry, which are fully exposed in this study,” says Emma Tracey, Co-Founder at Honeypot. “The results reveal the countries that have the most to offer women looking to progress in the tech industry, with Portugal, The United States and Latvia highlighted as the top three nations that have taken positive steps towards gender parity in the technology field in terms of fairer wages. However, with the proportion of female tech workers remaining under 30% across the board, we hope that this study will enrich the conversation concerning equality in this industry and inspire more women to seek out opportunities in tech.”
Revealed below is a sample of the results for Australia:
Results for Australia:
% of Women in Overall Workforce: 46.45%
Gender Pay Gap (%) 13.00%
% Women in Tech 28.00%
Tech Average Wage (US$) 63,834
Tech Average Wage for Women (US$) 51,068
Gender Pay Gap in Tech (%) (Inequality & Opportunity) 20.00%
% Difference of Overall & Tech Gender Pay Gap -7.00%
Gender Pay Gap 2010 14.04%
Comparison of Gender Pay Gap From 2010 to 2015 -1.04%
To view the full results, please see here: https://www.honeypot.io/women-in-tech-2018
Revealed below is a sample of the results from the top 20 countries offering the best opportunities for women in tech, calculated by comparing the difference between the overall gender pay gap and the pay gap in the technology industry. A positive number demonstrates that the income disparity in tech is less than the overall average in that country, indicating that female tech workers have been afforded fairer wages. The % Difference between the Overall and Tech Gender Pay Gap in Portugal is 7.26%, which indicates that the Portuguese tech pay gap is 7.26% better than the overall wage gap. A negative number, for example in Ireland at -3.13% indicates that women in tech are 3.13% worse off salary-wise than in the average profession.
Comparison of Gender Pay Gap from 2010 to 2015: indicates the percentage that the gender wage disparity has increased or decreased in the past 5 years, (as most current available data is from 2015). A positive number, for example in France, indicates that the way gap has increased by 3.44%. A negative number, for example in Iceland, indicates that wage disparity has improved by 2.29%. For a further breakdown of each criterion, please see the methodology at the bottom of the press release.
- The United States has the highest number of women in the labour force, with 74.43 million. Malta has the least number of women in their workforce, at 80,000.
- Lithuania has the highest percentage of female workforce, at 51.17%, one of only two (alongside Latvia at 50.25%) countries in the index that have a higher percentage of women than men in their workforce. Turkey has the smallest percentage of female workforce, at 31.55%.
- Latvia has the highest percentage of women legislators, senior officials and managers at 44.4%, while South Korea has the least with 10.7%.
- Sweden has the highest percentage of women in parliament positions, at 44.5%, while Japan has the least, at 9.9%.
- Finland has the highest percentage of women in ministerial positions at 62.5%. Notably, France is the only country with 50% of its ministerial cabinet made up of women. Hungary and the Slovak Republic both have zero women in ministerial positions.
- Luxembourg has the highest overall wage for women, at $59,191 per annum. Bulgaria has the lowest, at $12,278.
- The overall gender pay gap is largest in South Korea, at 37.18% and joint lowest in Italy and Luxembourg, at 5.5%.
- The United States has the most employees working in the tech industry, around 6 million, while Malta and Iceland have the least, at around 7,000.
- 6.04% of Finland’s labour force is in the technology industry, the highest in the index. 0.8% of Turkey’s labour force works in tech, the lowest in the index.
- The United States has the most women working in the tech industry, at just under 1.5 million. Malta has the least, with 800 women working in tech.
- Bulgaria has the highest percentage of women working in tech, at 30.28%. The Slovak Republic has the smallest percentage of women working in tech, at 9.29%.
- Israel has the largest difference between the percentage of overall women working, and the percentage of women working in tech, at -36.6%. Romania has the smallest difference, at -16.57%.
- Turkey has the highest percentage of female STEM graduates, at 37.11%, while Japan has the least, at 15.25%.
- The United States offers the highest wage both overall in tech and for women in tech, at $98,265 and $86,608 respectively. Mexico offers the lowest wages in tech, both overall and for women, at $19,492 and $,15456 respectively.
- Turkey has the lowest gender pay gap in the tech industry, at 8.42%. South Korea has the highest, at 41.17%.
- Portugal has the highest positive difference in the percentage of the tech pay gap as compared to the overall wage gap, at 7.26%. Poland has the highest negative difference in the percentage of the tech pay gap as compared to the overall wage gap, at -17.8%.
- Switzerland has the best Gender Inequality Score, at 0.04, while Mexico has the worst, at 0.345.
- South Korea had the highest overall gender pay gap in 2010, at 39.61%. Slovenia had the lowest overall gender pay gap in 2010, at 0.95%.
- Romania’s gender pay gap has improved by 3% from 2010 to 2015, while women in Slovenia were paid 7.15% less in 2015 than they were 5 years previously.