The digital economy empowers women economically and can contribute to greater gender equality, according to a new report published for International Women’s Day 2022. The platform economy creates flexible employment opportunities for women who also have to juggle family commitments. Automation has also lowered entry barriers to careers in what were once physically arduous industries, the report said.
“I love technology,” Diane von Furstenberg, a fashion designer best known for her wrap dress, told Alizila after conducting a livestream to 18,000 Chinese consumers earlier this month.
Challenges remain for female entrepreneurs. Globally men are 21% more likely to be online than women, a figure that rises to 52% in low-income countries, according to a report from the U.S. non-profit, The Web Foundation. It estimates the barriers that keep women and girls offline — such as high device and data costs, lower digital skills, and restrictive social norms — have cost developing countries about $1 trillion over the last decade.
Women are sorely underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. However, societal norms are changing and opportunities are opening up as more women climb the career ladder and smooth the path for others to follow.
“An entrepreneur’s life is not just about business. It’s about taking your life and making something out of it,” said von Furstenberg, who launched the #InCharge movement to help all women reach their full potential.
Lazada, Alibaba’s flagship online marketplace in Southeast Asia, recognised the achievements of 18 female entrepreneurs on International Women’s Day 2022, who have found their creative niche, challenged social norms and successfully grown their business on the e-commerce platform.
Women entrepreneurs often face hurdles to advancement, including unequal access to financing, less access to networks and more care responsibilities. They are also poorly represented in technology startups, according to the World Bank. One factor that is levelling the playing field is rising female consumption power, a tailwind that boosts brands explicitly focused on women’s needs.
British activewear brand for women, Sweaty Betty, was created 22 years ago when women’s sportswear was generally stacked to the rear of men’s sports shops. Founders Tamara and Simon Hill-Norton felt they did not have to compromise between performance and beauty.
“[Activewear] was sort of what you’d find for men, and then they’d shrink it and pink it,” recalls Sweaty Betty’s CEO Julia Straus. “Our mission is to empower women through fitness and beyond.”
There will be 100 million more women in the global labour force by 2030 and Asia-Pacific will have the largest female workforce, with millennials representing the largest proportion of female labourers in 2030, according to research from Frost & Sullivan.
“It’s really important that brands are looking towards the demands of Gen Z, millennial, female consumers” said Zarina Kanji, Head of Business Development for Health & Wellness and Food & Beverage Brands at Alibaba.
The digital economy has made it easier to juggle work and family responsibilities, female entrepreneurs have said, as it’s often easier running an online business from home and writing your own work schedule. “Gender equality and digital development are inextricably linked,” the World Bank noted on its blog last year.
Kong Wai Theng, a 44-year-old business owner from Malaysia, started an online store while still breastfeeding her third child. She worked from home, taught herself new skills, including social-media marketing and branding, and eventually became the top seller in the health & beauty category on Lazada. On Taobao, Alibaba’s consumer-to-consumer retail platform, 23.58 million store owners are female as of 2019.
The digital economy has spawned business models that are popular career choices for women, such as blogging or reviewing. Another fashionable choice is a career as an influencer or Key Opinion Leader (KOL) of consumer opinion. Particularly, livestreaming has come to the forefront during the pandemic as a way for retailers to continue to reach customers. On Taobao Live, Alibaba’s livestreaming platform, 11.25 million women are in livestreaming-related businesses.
Automation of physically demanding jobs has also opened up more opportunities for women-owned businesses. Technology on certain sites make inventory management, parcel collection and real-time parcel tracking far less laborious for business owners. Women are also gravitating towards courier jobs for food delivery platforms as the flexibility of this part-time or short-term work leaves more room for work-life balance and can pay for household necessities.
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